To promote the rare earth industry to the mid-to-high end
“‘The Middle East has oil, and China has rare earths.’ This is Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s important assertion for China’s rare earths. Today, a considerable part of our rare earth companies are talking about these two words, but we ignore the following two sentences – we must We will work out rare earths to bring out the advantages of rare earths in China.” On the morning of October 18, at the rare earth industry planning publicizing meeting and the reorganization of rare earth order mobilization, the Inspector of Raw Materials Industry Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and Director of the Rare Earth Office When Jia Yinsong interprets the “Rare Earth Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)” (hereinafter referred to as “Planning”) recently released, he points out that “these last two sentences are the significance of releasing the “Planning”.”
Based on sufficient significance
During the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, the rare earth industry did not issue corresponding plans. Therefore, the preparation of the “Planning” has become even more significant. Especially in recent years, the level of resource utilization in the rare earth industry and the market situation have undergone major changes. The country has also issued relevant policies and regulations. Under such circumstances, what are the basis for the preparation of the “Planning” and what significance does it have in publishing?
In this regard, Jia Yinsong introduced that the “Planning” is based on the “Proposal for the 13th Five-Year Plan for Formulating the National Economy and Social Development” of the CPC Central Committee and the “13th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development” “Made in China 2025”. Outline of the National Medium and Long-Term Plan for Scientific and Technological Development and the State Council’s Several Opinions on Promoting the Sustainable and Healthy Development of the Rare Earth Industry (hereinafter referred to as “Several Opinions”) and other policy documents, and with the National Mineral Resources Plan (2016-2020) Projects such as “New Materials Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)” and “Industrial Green Development Plan (2016-2020)” were linked.
He also pointed out that “Planning” comprehensively summarized the positive progress made by the rare earth industry in terms of resource protection, industrial upgrading, application development, technological innovation, and system building since the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, especially since the issuance of “Some Opinions.” The in-depth analysis of the current outstanding problems in the development of the industry and the new situation it faces. The “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” will focus on the development concept of “innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing” and take “China Made 2025” as a turning point for the development of the national strategy, focusing on “Made in China 2025” with a high degree of correlation with the rare earth industry. 》In ten key areas, we will vigorously develop high-end applications of rare earth functional materials, accelerate the transformation and upgrading of rare earth industries, advance structural reforms in the supply side of rare earths, and promote the adaptation, grasping, and leading the “new normal” of the rare earth industry in China to achieve sustainable and healthy development. Jia Yinsong said: “Our major problem in the rare earth industry is ‘low-end surplus, high-end deficiency’. So we must do a good job of structural reform on the supply side, promote industrial transformation and upgrading, and move toward high-end industries.”
In the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan”, we must give full play to the strategic value and supporting role of rare earth functional materials
Speaking of the development situation facing the rare earth industry, Jia Yinsong believes that, overall, the opportunities for the development of China’s rare earth industries outweigh the challenges. He said: “The 13th Five-Year Plan period is a critical period for China’s rare earth industry to transform, upgrade, and improve quality and efficiency. From the macro situation, with the continuous deepening of the world’s scientific and technological revolutions and industrial changes, the strategic value of rare earths will be further highlighted. The development of rare earth industry in China is facing the competition pressure of advanced countries in patent technology, talents and other aspects, and will also usher in major development opportunities brought about by the development of strategic emerging industries and the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries.From the perspective of application requirements, sustainable development The strategy and “Made in China 2025” have created new space for the development of rare earth industries. The application prospects of rare earth functional materials are extremely broad. The market demand for rail transit, new energy vehicles, and electronic information can be further increased significantly. Growth will drive the rare earth industry to maintain high-speed development.”
The major development direction of the rare earth industry during the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period is a topic that is of great concern to the industry. In this regard, Jia Yinsong said that based on the status quo of China’s rare earth industry, facing the current situation and judging the future development trend, the “planning” made it clear that it will build a new “raised development, orderly production, efficient use, technological innovation, and coordinated development” of the rare earth industry. As the main development direction of the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan”, under the premise of protecting rare earth strategic resources and continuing to compress excess smelting and separation capacity, we will focus on the development of rare earth high-end functional materials and devices, and focus on expanding the use of rare earth functional materials in high-end applications to accelerate the transformation of rare earth industries. Upgrade, improve the quality and efficiency of industry development, and give full play to the strategic value and supporting role of rare earths in transforming traditional industries, developing emerging industries, and national defense science and technology industries.
Build 6 key projects around 6 key tasks
“Planning” put forward six key tasks for the development of the “13th Five-Year” rare earth industry. For these six tasks, Jia Yinsong analyzed each one.
The first is to strengthen resources and ecological protection and promote sustainable development. Rationally regulate and control rare earth production and total production to ensure the sustainable development of national economy; strictly implement pollutant discharge standards, establish a green development mechanism, improve the reserve system of rare earth products that complement each other’s national reserves and enterprise reserves, and strengthen the mining of medium- and heavy-earth rare earths. Production, circulation and other aspects of monitoring, and resolutely crack down on rare earth mining, production, circulation and other aspects of illegal activities.
The second is to support innovation systems and capacity building and foster new development momentum in the industry. Targeting the strategic needs of countries such as “Made in China 2025” and strategic emerging industries, improving the innovation system, building a rare earth innovation center and service platform, strengthening the construction of intellectual property rights and standards systems, breaking the barriers to overseas intellectual property rights, and supporting research on the mechanism of rare earth functional materials and genes Library construction will lead future new functional materials for rare earths and key technologies for green preparation.
The third is to promote the development of intensification and high-end, adjust and optimize the structure. Continue to implement large group strategies, achieve intensive production of rare earth mines, smelting and separation, and comprehensive utilization of resources; promote the use of rare earth materials in high value, improve the protection capabilities of key materials and components, and cultivate rare earths in industrial robots, high-end CNC machine tools, and rail transit , marine engineering and other key areas of application.
The fourth is to accelerate the transformation of greenization and intelligence and build a circular economy. Improve the environmental protection level of enterprises, reduce energy consumption and material consumption; Strengthen the comprehensive utilization of tailings and associated resources, increase the overall utilization rate of resources; Accelerate intelligent transformation, build digital mines and smart factories, and expand the abundance of high abundance elements in industrial energy conservation, The application of environmental protection and other fields, development of reduction and replacement technology, development of low-cost rare earth permanent magnet materials.
The fifth is to promote the use of overseas resources and strengthen international cooperation. Support rare-earth enterprises to go global, cooperate in the development of overseas resources and deep processing of products; encourage enterprises to cooperate with overseas new material companies and technology R&D institutions to improve their international operation capabilities; promote the Chinese rare-earth standards to go global and achieve the interconnection of rare earth domestic standards and international standards.
Sixth, build a new value chain and achieve mutual benefits and win-win results. Develop deep processing near rare earth resources, promote poverty alleviation in old revolutionary areas and poverty-stricken areas of resource-based areas, establish new value chains, expand rare earth applications in downstream areas such as energy conservation, environmental protection, and household appliances, and realize upstream and downstream benefit sharing and coordinated development; The development and production of dual-use rare earth new materials will promote the sharing of military and civilian resources in the field of rare earth new materials.
Focusing on development goals and key tasks, the “Planning” also put forward six major projects: construction of rare earth public service and innovation platform, basic research of rare earths, utilization of high rare earth resources, upgrading of rare earth greens, deep integration of rare earth industries, and application of rare earth green technologies. .
Regarding how to promote the implementation of these six key projects, Jia Yinsong said: “The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will work with various departments, local governments, industry associations, key enterprises, and other channels to further refine the contents of various projects during the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period. Decomposition has been implemented in key areas and key enterprises, and implementation has been promoted in an all-round manner.We have asked relevant provincial (district, city) industrial authorities and key enterprises to propose key development directions and projects for the next five years, established a project library, and summarized about 400 The project, with a total investment of nearly 40 billion yuan, will use various funding channels to select a group of projects with good industrialization foundation, broad market prospects, and large-scale development.
Six measures safeguard policy implementation
With regard to the six safeguards proposed by the “planning” (including the role of coordinating mechanism, improving the system of laws and regulations, increasing financial and taxation support, improving investment and financing protection mechanisms, strengthening market supervision, strengthening external exchange and cooperation), Jia Yinsong Said: “We will focus on strengthening the “planning” and science and technology, finance and taxation, land and resources, finance and other policies supporting and linking, play the role of associations, associations and other intermediary organizations; issued the “Rare Metals Management Regulations” to establish traceability system of rare earth products, improve Rare-earth mining, total production control management methods, rare earth industry regulatory conditions and other related policies; through the central financial science and technology plans and other channels to support the R & D of R & D, application of industrial development, resource transformation and upgrading; establish a “political and industrial research and development” support and promotion system , Improve the supervision system of the entire industry chain of rare earths; encourage and encourage enterprises to “go out” and carry out foreign cooperation in the development of rare earth resources and deep processing of materials.”
It is understood that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is actively promoting the “Regulations for the Management of Rare Metals” legislation and has been included in the State Council’s second-class legislative plan, which will be introduced as soon as possible. The traceability system for rare earth products has already begun trial operation in the six large-scale rare earth groups in the first half of this year. The official operation will be at the beginning of 2017; the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will also improve the total rare earth production total control plan management measures, implement comprehensive management of rare earth mining, smelting and separation and comprehensive utilization of resources, and promote intensive production, and prevent the production and circulation of rare earths from the source. , Forced companies to invest in the application of the industry to achieve industrial transformation and upgrading. These key policies will provide strong support for the implementation of the “Planning” and further enhance the core competitiveness of China’s rare earth industry.